How to plan for UnCoated Bag

Firstly we should know some basic information, Like

•       Size of the bag

•       Weight of bag required or GSM

•       Stitching type

•       Strength requirement

•       Color of the bag

Bags from tubular fabric- normal packing bags, valve bags. Etc.

Bags from flat fabric – Box Bag, Envelope Bag, etc.

•       Weight of Uncoated Oven Bag or GSM or Gramage (local market language)

If we know either of GSM or GPB ( Gram Per Bag) or Gramage (used in local market), we can calculate easily other related things like, Raw material Requirement, Tape Denier, Quantity of fabric to be manufactured, Quantity of tape etc.

Stitching type

There are many types of stitching done in the bag.


•       SFSS (Single Fold Single Stitch)

•       DFDS (Double Fold Double Stitch)

•       SFDS (Single Fold Double Stitch)

•       DFSS (Double Fold Single Stitch )

•       EZ With Fold

•       EZ Without Fold



To decide the mixing recipe, it is very important to know the demand of strength, the most important is mixing recipe in costing, because according to the need, many types of additives are added to the recipe, which are directly related to the strength and elongation %.

Color Of the BAG

it can be made of any color as per the demand, As mixing is the most important recipe in costing, as per the requirement, different types of additives are added to the recipe and as the cost of different color master batch is also different.

•       Let us take an example to understand the calculation further.

For example a 20" X 36" white uncoated oven bag weighing 100 g, mesh 10 X 10 and top hemming and bottom should have SFSS, weaving flat. Quantity 50000 bags. (GSM and GRAMAGE will also be discussed in this example.)

•       First note down the available information.

•       GPB - 100 grams

•       Size - 20" X 36"

•       Stitching - Top Hemming and Bottom SFSS

•       Weaving Type – Flat

•       Mesh 10 X 10

Now let's decide the cut length first. 

Since, the stitching is top hemming and bottom is SFSS, add 1" for hemming and 1.5" for SFSS to the bag size. The length of the bag is 36", adding 2.5" to it i.e. the cut length becomes 38.5".

Now let us understand this by the unitary method.

Since, we need 38.5" long fabric to make a bag.

So, to make 50000 bags, 50000 X 38.5" = 1925000"

Now let us understand it again by the unitary method to know it in meters.

Since, 1 meter in 39.37"

then, 1/39.37 Meter in 1"

So in "1925000"                 = 1925000∗1/39.37

                                                                =48895 meters

Since many types of wastage are also made while making fabric, therefore some % more fabric is made than the required fabric. Usually 3%.

Hence 48895 + 3% = 50361 meters

                                                =50400 meters on roundup

Now, We know how much fabric to make, So we have to calculate how much tape will have to be made.

Since the weight of a bag is 100 grams, one thing to note here is that the weight of the thread is also included in the weight of the bag,

The correct way to know the actual weight of the thread used in sewing is to untie the thread of the sample bag and weigh it, here we take it as 3 grams.

so 100-3=97 grams

This means 20" X 38.5" fabric weighs 87 grams.

Now we have to first calculate the GPM, so that we can find out the total number of tapes to be made, then GSM and then Denier.

(Gramage used in local market means GPM divided by tubular width in inches.)

Again understand from the unitary method.

Note:- Size doesn't matter to calculate GPM.


Since, the weight of 38.5" fabric is 97 grams,

So, the weight of 1" fabric will be 97/38.5 grams,

So, 39.37" of fabric will weigh = (97∗39.37)/38.5 grams.         (39.37” in 1 meter)

                                                                         = 99.19 grams

(If the gramage of this fabric is to be obtained, then 99.19/20 = 4.96 grams)

Now the GSM of this fabric comes out.

Since we know the GPM, we again calculate the GSM by the unitary method.

Now if the weight of 40” (20X2) is 99.19 grams,

So, the weight of 1" will be 99.19/48 grams,

Hence the weight of 39.37 will be =  grams.      (39.37” in 1 meter)

GSM = 97.63 grams

Now take out the denier

Fabric GSM = (Warp mesh + Weft mesh) x Denier/228.6

(Watch the video in the description to know the full formula)

Denier = Fabric GSM X 228.6 / (Warp mesh + Weft mesh)


                  = 1116 denier

(Since the denier variation in a tape plant is around 3 - 8%, So actual denier should be 3 - 4% less than the calculated denier ) 

Now let's calculate how much tape will have to be made in total,

Since we know GPM, then again calculate by unitary method.

Since, the weight of 1 meter of fabric is 97.63 grams,

So, weight of 50400 meter fabric               = 50400*97.63 grams

                                                                                                = 4920552 grams

                                                                                                = 4920.552 KG

There will be some tape left over after the fabric on the loom, so extra tape will need to be made. Generally, the weight of one remaining bobbin is taken as 700 grams. So here 20 X 2 X 10 X 0.7 = 280 kg extra. Total Tape 5200 KG Approx.

To understand more similar calculations and formulas, watch the video given in the description.

If you do not understand anything, then definitely tell in the comment box.


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